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Issue VII Geothermal

Geothermal Heating Systems are an effective and efficient way of heating and cooling your home or building.

According to the US Department of Energy, approximately 50,000 ground source heat pumps are being installed in the United States each year, and for good reason. To start with,  these systems have proven to require from 25 to 50% less energy over conventional systems, with the earth providing over 70% of the HVAC energy.  Statistics like these are hard to ignore, and if you've never imagined conditioning your facility from the ground, read on.


Very simply, a geothermal HVAC system uses the consistent temperature of the earth only 4 to 7 meters down, or under a pond. The system will extract the earths warmth in the winter to heat a building and will transfer the buildings extra heat in the summer to the cool earth. This system is very quiet and fully contained in the building which eliminates exterior compressors and heavy roof top units. Both the EPA and DOE have publically endorsed the technology for both new construction and retrofits of older buildings. The geothermal heat pump (GHP) has few moving parts and since it is located indoors GHP's have warrantees of 20  to 25 years, and the underground pipes 25 to 50 years. Building water can also be heated pre heated in the summer by this system meaning water heating cost and space required for equipment is much less.

  Also called ground source heat pumps (GSHP)'s are encouraged by the US Green Building Council with the reward being LEED credits in multiple categories. The technology is being used in hospitals, government buildings, schools, high rises and any commercial building owner looking to lower operation and maintenance costs. Since GHP's are electric many users are able to eliminate multiple  utility types, and eliminate boilers and chillers all together. These systems are able to maximize efficiencies with the flexibility of room to room zones and the ability to reduce peak demand loads. Due to smart metering policies out west and soon coming east, "peak load" avoidance strategies for all building owners will soon become highly important.

  Unfortunately, at this time, installation of a GHP may have higher up front expenses but will quickly cost justify with less  infrastructure, or maintenance needs and reduced energy  requirements. The Geothermal Exchange Organization (GEO) is also lobbying and is looking for support to have this valuable resource considered as "renewable energy". Without this valuable label ground source systems are not eligible for the 2005 Energy Policy Act requiring that by year 2013 7.5% of the energy used by the federal government be from renewable sources. Since GHP's capture a thermal form of unlimited renewable ground energy that can be measured, metered and verified the GEO organization is also asking that their technology be included in the Clean Energy Standard (CES) legislation. This inclusion would encourage retail utility support, as power companies attempt to fulfill ever increasing renewable energy requirements. Many retail power providers eager to meet their states CES requirement are offering on bill financing for energy upgrades. Often the payment for the improvement is lower than the amount of monthly energy saved. Sound energy ideas such as these are creating American jobs,  reducing foreign dependence and can dramatically reduce the carbon pollution believed to increase global warming. Are you Paying for Air?
 
Yes you are... we all are. We pay for the tiny bubbles mixed in with our incoming supply from the water utility. This air has always been a natural component to turbulent rushing water and as it passes through the meter it registers and you pay for it. In fact you pay for it twice because your incoming meter read is used to determine both water and sewer expense. Fortunately new technology has provided an answer to this dilemma. It is based on 18th century principals from Le Chatelier and the Venturi effect. The reduction of this incoming air through the meter can reduce meter spin by 10 to 25%. This device is able to compress the air before it passes through the meter although its placement is after the meter. The flow management system utilizes a oscillation assembly to create the air compression. Among other things this system will disrupt the usual swirl turbulence in the line without reducing flow. The device does not vent the air from the line but it does effectively compress it. The product is accepted by most municipalities and completely safe and sanitary. Because this technology is scalable it makes excellent sense for the large or small water user and will show impressive ROI.

Issue VIII Advanced Refrigerant Lubricant

Advanced Refrigerant Lubricant can make HVAC and Refrigeration run 20% more efficiently
American building owners cumulatively spend billions of dollars cooling our perishable food, flowers and airspace. Cooling technologies and efficiency have advanced considerably in the last 2 decades except for the refrigerant and compressor lubrication. This refrigerant line conditioner and lubricant is critical to the performance, health and efficiency of every cooling and refrigeration compressor. The refrigerant system is the most important heat transfer component within these energy intensive systems, and the essential oil formula travels freely with the refrigerant protecting seals and providing system lubricant. The surprising fact is; that modern science has improved all types of lubricant technology significantly, yet there has been no refrigerant oil improvement options recommended or offered by equipment manufacturers for decades.  Traditional products like Suniso 3GS and other mineral oil based lubricants are specifically recommended by several leading compressor manufacturers. They are the benchmark for the “meets or exceeds manufactures specifications” statement found in manufacturers warranties. This benchmark has also not changed in many years without discussion or debate. Why question conventional processes that work? Because it matters.. Existing benchmark oils do not have superior lubrication or anti-oxidation qualities and will cause an efficiency reducing condition called oil fouling. Unimproved refrigerant oil will adhere to the inside of the critical heat exchange coil walls creating an insulating effect. ASHRE the American Society of Heating and Refrigeration is the authority on cooling systems provides the following evidence that oil fouling can quickly erode system performance; ASHRAE states that

 Quote page 4.11 of the ASHRAE handbook-1985;

“The vapor entering the condenser often contains a small percentage of impurities such as oil. Oil forms a film on the condensing surfaces, creating additional resistance to heat transfer.” ASHRE also states that HVAC systems typically lose 7% efficiency in the first year, 5% the second year and 2% each year following, due to oil fouling.

   National Energy Technologies LLC offers a line of specifically blendedrefrigerant improvement oil supplements that offers many significant benefits. This line of patented and enhancement lubrication oils are compatible with all refrigerants and will improve the performance of refrigeration, air conditioning, chillers and heat pumps. The additive provides unprecedented anti-wear, oxidation protection and prevents or reverses oil fouling. In total, the savings from these combined benefits can be significant. Saving on some units can range from 5 to 15%. The superior lubrication of our product reduces friction, protects internal parts and will likely extend the lifespan of valuable equipment.

Issue VIII.5 Superior Window Film

Revolutionary advancements in window film technologies will not only prevent heat gain and sun damage, it contains properties that serve as an effective thermal insulator.
Window film technology has been helping to cool, beautify and protect buildings for generations, it is popular for protecting interior furnishings and floor and wall coverings from fading as well as reduce heat load in the summer. Now revolutionary advancements in window film technologies will not only prevent heat gain and sun damage, it contains properties that serve as an effective thermal insulator. 
Commercial building operators have been using various varieties of window tinting to prevent damage from the suns heat and UV but are largely unaware of recent additional breakthrough benefits.This process is also less dark and reflective of previous generations of window film.It is capable of transforming the appearance of a building with a more uniform appearance. 

There are many brands and varieties of solar window film on the marketplace today. Each boast of their ability to block or render harmless various solar wavelengths that have proven harmful and increase internal temperatures. The most common solar light band-with that window manufacturers seek to shade or disrupt is infra-red. This harmful band-with is most effectively reduced with a coating called Low-E. The low-E treatment or window glazing has been a staple of the industry for over a decade. Low-E coatings have improved in effectiveness over the years and the issue of visible iridescence from first generation applications has been eliminated. A quality low-E treatment will effectively slow the fading and sun bleaching of interior assets by as much as 50%. Buildings without infra-red protection can be as much as 20 to 25  degrees warmer than one protected with traditional treatments.

Low-E coatings however are unable to reduce thermal conductivity, or an observers ability to view the buildings interior conditions. Highly visible landmark buildings are discovering the elegant beauty of a building with a consistent look regarding the window appearance. Designers and architects agree that the view of a building's exterior is more desirable when it is difficult to notice the interior lighting, personal effects and the variety of positions of the window blinds. 

Since this remarkable film is able to reduce the thermal conductivity associated with window glass, aluminum frames will cooler or warmer, depending on the season.. Since windows represent the largest energy loss of the building envelope this process has important implications. This advanced window tinting comes in many different color and shade variations and may be eligible for incentive or rebate programs in your area. With or without a rebate this technology should pay for itself within three years and forever improve the value and appearance of facility.

A final point concerns low-e window film appearance. While conventional low-e films help reduce energy costs in all seasons, they can display an unpleasant iridescence or “oil slick” appearance when installed near certain types of energy-efficient lighting, such as fluorescent. Today's advanced window film’s low-e coating was developed in such a way to minimize this iridescence, providing for a more aesthetically-pleasing exterior appearance. The chemistry contained in this advanced film line is actually able to make the night time view from inside to out even more clear than regular glass.

Issue VI Power Factor Correction

Industrial facilities with larger inductive loads will often show even lower power factors unless corrected. Properly sourced, sized and located Power Conditioning Equipment will eliminate the wasted energy produced for inductive loads.
Power Factor Correction, has been the topic of much conversation and even more confusion now that energy conservation earns a more eager audience. After doing your research I believe you will easily reach your own conclusion, that yes proper power conditioning will reduce energy usage and protect valuable equipment. The conservative ROI for most installations is generally within 2 years and larger applications will perform even better. So, I would like to try to make power factor correction, or what I call "power conditioning" understandable, by answering the three most obvious questions.

Why does power factor need correcting?   The "dirty energy" coming from the grid is far too non specific for your facilities specific needs. The equipment effected most by this issue includes all inductive loads such as motors, pumps, and ballasts. Constant smaller electronic spikes and surges are inherent in raw grid energy and it will cause heat, and heat will eventually damage valuable equipment. This inefficiency is caused by a delay between when demand begins to move electrons through the circuit (voltage) and when they actually move (current). The ratio used to describe the amount of energy used, and not lost is called “Power Factor”. We find that corporate power factors often average about .75, meaning that 25% of the available energy is lost to inefficiency. Industrial facilities with larger inductive loads will often show even lower power factors unless corrected. Properly sourced, sized and located Power Conditioning Equipment will eliminate the wasted energy produced for inductive loads.

How will our company benefit by Power Conditioning?  This patented and specially designed technology will bring many benefits; some of the most important remain unnoticed until needed.
• 5% to15% energy reduction on inductive loads
• Eliminate power factor penalty and demand charges
• Reduced electrical equipment and circuit board replacement
• Reduced repair and maintenance costs
• Reduce current and heat at electrical loads, reduces HVAC
• Protect equipment from surges, spikes and lightening strikes
• Reduce damaging harmonic distortion on your electrical system
How much can it save us and how do we find out?  Savings will depend on the amount and type of inductive loads within your facility and existing power factor.  The process requires a trained specialist to carefully inspect and analyze your facility and usage patterns to best determine how to bring your Power Factor to near 100%. Your inductive loads will consume electricity more efficiently and thus demand less from your utility. You will see reduction in both KWH as well as Power Factor Penalty Charges beginning to show on the bill in many regions and buried in fine print in many more. Our systems are capable of cycling the additional harmonics back into usable power. Many other systems do not.
   The power company's are now charging for power factor discrepancies or charging penalties if a companies power factor ratio is below 85%. Apparently the power company is penalizing you for unbalanced power factor; due to all of the unused surge energy is bouncing back to the supplier taking up valuable line bandwidth. ... Still think it's not your problem? If the power company doesn't want your unused energy and is charging you for it, why not take some of it back and protect your equipment at the same time. To get an estimate nationwide, we will send a skilled technician to your facility, able to provide the performance testing needed for an accurate estimate.  Our estimates show project procedures, system costs and conservative expected savings. While on site our consultants can offer estimates on our other popular conservation technologies. Please contact us for additional information.

Issue V LED Lighting

LED Lighting is far superior to conventional options and 70% more efficient.
Believe it or not the incredible LED light bulb was invented 1/2 century ago by Nick Holonyak Jr, now known as the Father of the LED. Mr. Holonyak is an American scientist that was working on laser technology in a GE laboratory. His discovery was a visible laser GA.ASP in the red spectrum could be made from Silicone Carbide and can be controlled and modified. Now over 80, and holding a new 27 watt GE Edison equivalent the inventor commented, "its only the beginning".
For decades this incredible Light Emitting Diode (LED) was used mostly in specialty applications such as NASA control panels, scientific applications, indicator lights and eventually traffic signals. In fact wide scale LED production, innovation and public adaption did not begin until the concern began to develop over energy pollution and its relation to climate change. It was not long after, that building efficiency became an important solution to pollution reduction from the power plants. According to a Energy Information Administration (EIA) report there is over 10 billion lit commercial floor space and growing quickly. The EIA study shows that 38% of total energy used by these buildings, over 1,143 trillion BTU, is lighting. Fortunately with modern advancements in; Compact Florescent Lighting (CFL), lighting controls and LED technologies, savings of up to 80% can be obtained cost effectively. Unfortunately the currently higher cost of superior LED products has pushed CFL bulbs into the main stream. Don't get me wrong, CFL bulbs have saved our nations businesses billions of dollars and reduced carbon emissions by thousands of tons, but I have long considered it the 8-track tape of the light bulb. The 8-track was revolutionary in that it made programmable music portable, but it wasn't long before it was replaced with a superior technology. I personally believe that American business was slow to adapt to CFL because of bulb imperfections, an early flood of cheaper Chinese residential versions, and a funding cut on an informational PR program about the bulb. Over the past 5 years the quality of CFL bulbs, as well as light quality, have increased considerably. These fixtures reduce the wattage needed by about 75%, reduce heat, last 5 times as long and the small traces of mercury contained in these bulbs is safe as long as it is recycled. Just to keep this mercury issue in perspective, it is important to remember the reported tons of mercury pollution CFL bulbs are reducing worldwide from power plant emissions. 
Business have had some difficult decisions over the past 5 years, the superior LED products are dropping in price and government incentives do not last forever. So early adaptors to LED have had to accept higher ROI's but are reaping the some of the tangible and intangible benefits of the superior product listed below.
•    Extremely long lamp life 35,000 to advanced 100,000 hours
•    Use about 20% of the energy of a incandescent bulb and 80% of a comparable CFL
•    Easily retrofit
•    Completely programmable and dimmable
•    Wide variety of light colors and moods
•    No Mercury
•    Immediate Start up
•    Not cold sensitive
•    Produce little heat or UV light
•    Multitude of applications
•    Increased employee productivity mood and comfort
•    Bulb is made from recycled product and is fully recyclable
Solid state lighting technology includes several promising technologies; Efficient LED, Organic LED, Polymer LED and Light Emitting Plasma (LEP). Developers believe that this technology may still have further efficiency per watt potential and wide scale production is furthering advancements and reducing prices. These improvements in combination will contribute to the potential of faster ROI's on lighting projects. Just be careful of waiting for these advancements and missing out on incentives available from State, Federal and power provider sources. The intangible benefits of solid state lighting should not be overlooked as they might be more valuable than the energy savings alone. First of all, the heat reduction from a lighting conversion is often more significant than people realize. Incandescent bulbs, ballasts and CFL's all create more heat than LED and this will contribute to the rising cost of peak priced air conditioning. More important is the research in lighting and its effects on employee productivity. A Study by Leviton finds that 57% of employees report stress relating to their ability to see. Research has confirmed that proper lighting affects the human circadian system and can decrease depression. According to the Lighting Controls Association (LCA) studies show that workers are more satisfied and productive with personal control over their thermal comfort and lighting. Evidence shows that age, task, and individual preference call for a wide range of lumens. Efficient LED lighting pairs perfectly with personal lighting controls, creating a synergy resulting in dramatic reductions. With the cost of salaried production being the highest reported cost to American business, the positive effects of lighting on employees alone may be worth the upgrade to LED.